Housing quality and lost (public) space in Croatia

Svirčić Gotovac, Anđelina and Zlatar, Jelena (2013) Housing quality and lost (public) space in Croatia. In: REAL CORP 2013: planning times: proceedings of 18th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. CORP – Competence Center of Urban and Regional Planning, Schwechat - Rannersdorf, pp. 399-405. ISBN 978-3-9503110-5-1 (Print), 978-3-9503110-4-4 (CD-ROM)

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Abstract

In the post-socialist period and within the current social transition context, urban and rural Croatia has, just like other transition countries, experienced many changes in the social structure and space. One example is the housing quality which is a replica of the situation in the Croatian society and has also undergone some major changes. Socially oriented housing construction co-financed by the state and the cities is in an unfavourable position compared to private housing construction. In the last twenty years the amount of the social housing construction has been only a minor part of the total contruction work in the country. For instance, out of nine newly planned residential housing developments in Zagreb, the capital city, only three have been completed and the work on the rest of them has stopped and is unlikely to continue. Private construction work prevails especially on the edge of the city and is characterised by high density housing. This type of housing construction doesn't benefit the majority of citizens in search of accommodation (price per square meter is too high, low-quality building). There is also a big problem of the community facilities (primary and secondary infrastructure, schools, kindergartens, playgrounds, green areas, sidewalks, public transport etc.). The existing globalisation-transition circumstances of the Croatian society corroborate the fact which experts of various profiles often point out: ignoring the process of (urban) planning will irreparably damage the space. The city transformation shows the absence of comprehensive urban planning which results in an ever increasing number of random buildings which do not fit in the surroundings. This leads up to yet another important issue – the shrinking and, in some cases, disappearance of public space which becomes the “lost space“. In recent years there has been a lot of building in the city core and on the edge which does not quite fit in the existing urban structure, image or the skyline of the city. The current situation in the process of planning can be characterized as a conflict and imbalance between the powerful actors (mostly political and economic) and less powerful actors (mostly professional and civil). The actors who have the political power and influence and the ones who possess the capital are forming an “alliance” between two important layers of the social structure. The lack of civil and professional actors, “lost spatial actors”, and therefore of civic aggregation is also present and that is also the cause of public space “disappearance” and undermined process of public participation.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Language: English.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Housing quality, urban actors, urban planning, public space, lost space, Croatia, Zagreb
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Depositing User: Karolina Vranješ
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2015 10:39
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2015 10:39
URI: http://idiprints.knjiznica.idi.hr/id/eprint/220

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