Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates

Löckenhoff, Corinna E. and De Fruyt, Filip and Terracciano, Antonio and McCrae, Robert R. and De Bolle, Marleen and Costa Jr., Paul T. and Aguilar-Vafaie, Maria E. and Ahn, Chang-kyu and Ahn, Hyun-nie and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jüri and Avdeyeva, Tatyana V. and Barbaranelli, Claudio and Benet-Martínez, Veronica and Blatný, Marek and Bratko, Denis and Cain, Thomas R. and Crawford, Jarret T. and Lima, Margarida P. and Ficková, Emília and Gheorghiu, Mirona and Halberstadt, Jamin and Hřebíčková, Martina and Jussim, Lee and Klinkosz, Waldemar and Knežević, Goran and Leibovich de Figueora, Nora and Martin, Thomas A. and Marušić, Iris and Mastor, Khairul Anwar and Miramontez, Daniel R. and Nakazato, Katsuharu and Nansubuga, Florence and Pramila, V. S. and Realo, Anu and Rolland, Jean-Pierre and Rossier, Jérôme and Schmidt, Vanina and Sekowski, Andrzej and Shakespeare-Finch, Jane and Shimonaka, Yoshiko and Simonetti, Franco and Siuta, Jerzy and Smith, Peter B. and Szmigielska, Barbara and Wang, Lei and Yamaguchi, Mami and Yik, Michelle (2009) Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates. Psychology and aging, 24 (4). pp. 941-954. ISSN 0882-7974 (Print), 1939-1498 (Online)

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College students (N = 3,435) in 26 cultures reported their perceptions of age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and socioemotional areas of functioning and rated societal views of aging within their culture. There was widespread cross-cultural consensus regarding the expected direction of aging trajectories with (a) perceived declines in societal views of aging, physical attractiveness, the ability to perform everyday tasks, and new learning; (b) perceived increases in wisdom, knowledge, and received respect; and (c) perceived stability in family authority and life satisfaction. Cross-cultural variations in aging perceptions were associated with culture-level indicators of population aging, education levels, values, and national character stereotypes. These associations were stronger for societal views on aging and perceptions of socioemotional changes than for perceptions of physical and cognitive changes. A consideration of culture-level variables also suggested that previously reported differences in aging perceptions between Asian and Western countries may be related to differences in population structure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Language: English.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aging, culture
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Karolina
Date Deposited: 11 May 2015 13:33
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2016 11:18

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