Personality profiles of cultures: aggregate personality traits

McCrae, Robert R. and Terracciano, Antonio and Leibovich, Nora B. and Schmidt, Vanina and Shakespeare-Finch, Jane and Neubauer, Aljoscha and De Fruyt, Filip and Munyae, Margaret and Flores-Mendoza, Carmen and Dahourou, Donatien and Ayearst, Lindsay E. and Trobst, Krista K. and Alcalay, Lidia and Simonetti, Franco and Bratko, Denis and Marušić, Iris and Hřebíčková, Martina and Lykke Mortensen, Erik and Jensen, Hans Henrik and Allik, Jüri and Realo, Anu and Sineshaw, Tilahun and Rolland, Jean-Pierre and Petot, Jean-Michel and Camart, Nathalie and Angleitner, Alois and Ostendorf, Fritz and Yik, Michelle and Jónsson, Friðrik H. and Pramila, V. S. and Halim, Magdalena S. and Shahidi, Shahriar and Barbaranelli, Claudio and Shimonaka, Yoshiko and Nakazato, Katsuharu and Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M. and Alansari, Badr M. and Khoury, Brigitte and Mastor, Khairul A. and Falzon, Ruth and Lauri, Mary Ann and Borg Cunen, Mary Ann and Scicluna Calleja, Sandra and Diaz-Loving, Rolando and Ghayur, M. Arif and Fischer, Ronald and Ojedokun, A. Oluyinka and Prentice, Gary and McRorie, Margaret and Wang, Lei and Reátegui, Norma and Brunner-Sciarra, Marina and del Pilar, Gregorio E. H. and Sekowski, Andrzej and Klinkosz, Waldemar and Pedroso de Lima, Margarida and Porrata, José and Martin, Thomas A. and Ficková, Emília and Adamovova, Lucia and Rus, Velko S. and Podobnik, Nuska and Zupancic, Agata and Ahn, Hyun-nie and Ahn, Chang-kyu and Avia, Maria D. and Sánchez-Bernardos, Maria L. and Ruch, Willibald and Rossier, Jérôme and Chittcharat, Niyada and Gülgöz, Sami and Nansubuga, Florence and Smith, Peter B. and Matsumoto, David and Diener, Ed and Beer, Andrew and Humrichouse, John and Budzinski, Louisa and Oishi, Shigehiro and Knežević, Goran and Djuric Jocic, Dragana (2005) Personality profiles of cultures: aggregate personality traits. Journal of personality and social psychology, 89 (3). pp. 407-425. ISSN 0022-3514 (Print), 1939-1315 (Online)

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Personality profiles of cultures can be operationalized as the mean trait levels of culture members. College students from 51 cultures rated an individual from their country whom they knew well (N = 12, 156). Aggregate scores on Revised NEO Personality Inventory scales generalized across age and gender groups, approximated the individual-level Five-Factor Model, and correlated with aggregate self-report personality scores and other culture-level variables. Results were not attributable to national differences in economic development or to acquiescence. Geographical differences in scale variances and mean levels were replicated, with Europeans and Americans generally scoring higher in Extraversion than Asians and Africans. Findings support the rough scalar equivalence of NEO-PI-R factors and facets across cultures, and suggest that aggregate personality profiles provide insight into cultural differences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Language: English.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Personality, five-factor model, cross-cultural, culture-level analyses, culture profiles
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Karolina
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2017 12:06
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2017 12:36

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