National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures

Terracciano, Antonio and Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M. and Adám, N. and Adamovova, Lucia and Ahn, Chang-kyu and Ahn, Hyun-nie and Alansari, Badr M. and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jüri and Angleitner, Alois and Avia, Maria D. and Ayearst, Lindsay E. and Barbaranelli, Claudio and Beer, Andrew and Borg Cunen, Mary Ann and Bratko, Denis and Brunner-Sciarra, Marina and Budzinski, Louisa and Camart, Nathalie and Dahourou, Donatien and De Fruyt, Filip and de Lima, Margarida P. and del Pilar, Gregorio E. H. and Diener, Ed and Falzon, Ruth and Fernando, K. and Ficková, Emília and Fischer, Ronald and Flores-Mendoza, Carmen and Ghayur, M. Arif and Gülgöz, Sami and Hagberg, B. and Halberstadt, Jamin and Halim, Magdalena S. and Hřebíčková, Martina and Humrichouse, John and Jensen, Hans Henrik and Djuric Jocic, Dragana and Jónsson, Friðrik H. and Khoury, Brigitte and Klinkosz, Waldemar and Knežević, Goran and Lauri, Mary Ann and Leibovich, Nora B. and Martin, Thomas A. and Marušić, Iris and Mastor, Khairul A. and Matsumoto, David and McRorie, Margaret and Meshcheriakov, B. and Mortensen, E. L. and Munyae, Margaret and Nagy, J and Nakazato, Katsuharu and Nansubuga, Florence and Oishi, Shigehiro and Ojedokun, A. Oluyinka and Ostendorf, Fritz and Paulhus, D. L. and Pelevin, S. and Petot, Jean-Michel and Podobnik, Nuska and Porrata, José and Pramila, V. S. and Prentice, Gary and Realo, Anu and Reátegui, Norma and Rolland, Jean-Pierre and Rossier, Jérôme and Ruch, Willibald and Rus, Velko S. and Sánchez-Bernardos, Maria L. and Schmidt, Vanina and Scicluna Calleja, Sandra and Sekowski, Andrzej and Shakespeare-Finch, Jane and Shimonaka, Yoshiko and Simonetti, Franco and Sineshaw, Tilahun and Siuta, Jerzy and Smith, Peter B. and Trapnell, D. and Trobst, Krista K. and Wang, Lei and Yik, Michelle and Zupancic, Agata and McCrae, Robert R. (2005) National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. Science, 310 (5745). pp. 96-100. ISSN 0036-8075

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Most people hold beliefs about psychological characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, or stereotypes with or without a “ kernel of truth." We obtained national character ratings from 49 cultures and compared them to average personality scores of culture members as assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings appeared to be reliable and valid measures, but they did not converge with assessed personality traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Language: English.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Five-factor model, national character, stereotypes
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Karolina
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 10:44
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2017 13:42

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