Stereotypes of age differences in personality traits: universal and accurate?

Chan, Wayne and McCrae, Robert R. and De Fruyt, Filip and Jussim, Lee and Löckenhoff, Corinna E. and De Bolle, Marleen and Costa Jr., Paul T. and Sutin, Angelina R. and Realo, Anu and Allik, Jüri and Nakazato, Katsuharu and Shimonaka, Yoshiko and Hřebíčková, Martina and Graf, Sylvie and Yik, Michelle and Brunner-Sciarra, Marina and Leibovich de Figueora, Nora and Schmidt, Vanina and Ahn, Chang-kyu and Ahn, Hyun-nie and Aguilar-Vafaie, Maria E. and Siuta, Jerzy and Szmigielska, Barbara and Cain, Thomas R. and Crawford, Jarret T. and Mastor, Khairul Anwar and Rolland, Jean-Pierre and Nansubuga, Florence and Miramontez, Daniel R. and Benet-Martínez, Veronica and Rossier, Jérôme and Bratko, Denis and Marušić, Iris and Halberstadt, Jamin and Yamaguchi, Mami and Knežević, Goran and Martin, Thomas A. and Gheorghiu, Mirona and Smith, Peter B. and Barbaranelli, Claudio and Wang, Lei and Shakespeare-Finch, Jane and Lima, Margarida P. and Klinkosz, Waldemar and Sekowski, Andrzej and Alcalay, Lidia and Simonetti, Franco and Avdeyeva, Tatyana V. and Pramila, V. S. and Terracciano, Antonio (2012) Stereotypes of age differences in personality traits: universal and accurate? Journal of personality and social psychology, 103 (6). pp. 1050-1066. ISSN 0022-3514 (Print), 1939-1315 (Online)

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL:


Age trajectories for personality traits are known to be similar across cultures. To address whether stereotypes of age groups reflect these age-related changes in personality, we asked participants in 26 countries (N=3, 323) to rate typical adolescents, adults, and old persons in their own country. Raters across nations tended to share similar beliefs about different age groups ; adolescents were seen as impulsive, rebellious, undisciplined, preferring excitement and novelty, whereas old people were consistently considered lower on impulsivity, activity, antagonism, and Openness. These consensual age group stereotypes correlated strongly with published age differences on the five major dimensions of personality and most of 30 specific traits, using as criteria of accuracy both self-reports and observer ratings, different survey methodologies, and data from up to 50 nations. However, personal stereotypes were considerably less accurate, and consensual stereotypes tended to exaggerate differences across age groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Language: English.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aging, stereotypes, cross-cultural, five factor model, personality perception
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Karolina Vranješ
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 14:25
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 12:06

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item